The component "innovation, research and digitisation of the National Health Service" stems from the need to intervene in the process of transformation and renewal of the current Italian National Health Service (NHS), promoting the creation of a modern and digitally oriented proposal, able to improve the quality of care and the response to the health needs of citizens.
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The COVID-19 emergency has highlighted some structural weaknesses of the Italian health system. The health system's response to the development of the pandemic was hampered by deficiencies in the provision of adequate medical and health devices, the availability of personnel, and the provision of technological and digital infrastructure and equipment.
Lessons learned during the COVID-19 emergency also show that it is necessary to find a new and appropriate way of coping with needs and contingencies in order to establish lasting, transparent and mutually beneficial relationships between public action and the action of private structures. All this is part of a sector that must be considered absolutely "strategic" and where central government guidance is essential.
Finally, the document highlights the importance of the Italian research sector, which needs more funding to ensure greater coordination and the updating of the supply of health services. Research is an essential element, as it ensures the improvement of patient care, as well as the development and evaluation of organisations.
In this context, the project contained in the draft “Recovery Plan” aims to respond to the following challenges:
The overall objective is to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the health and care system, taking into account elements such as the ageing population and the limited investment in health infrastructure made in the past. In order to achieve this broader objective, this part of the project aims to strengthen innovation and digitisation in health facilities and to support research and training of health professionals.
The document identifies 3 priorities:
Therefore, specific targets to be achieved by July 2026 include:
Data published by the Ministry of Health show significant obsolescence and a gap in the availability of digital infrastructure and equipment to ensure that health services are effectively delivered nationwide:
In France, Denmark and Sweden, between 60 and 70% of equipment is at most 5 years old. In Italy, the newest equipment (considering those up to 5 years old, i.e. the most performing and hi-tech machines) are becoming fewer and fewer.
Improving the digitisation of healthcare facilities will help increase staff productivity, facilitate hospital operations, improve process quality, ensure patient safety and deliver high-quality services by integrating state-of-the-art technologies such as medical devices, intelligent information systems, facility control and automated transport systems, location-based services, sensors and digital communication tools into healthcare processes. Digital upgrading will make it possible to replace healthcare equipment with the most technologically advanced versions, also bringing benefits to clinical care processes.
Technological evolution will also equip companies and professionals with advanced analysis tools, capable of collecting data in real time, transforming it into information and interpreting it for simulations. The investment aims to purchase and test 2,648 pieces of equipment to replace obsolete and outdated technologies (more than 5 years old) and improve the digitisation of 177 healthcare facilities.
The Ordinance of the President of the Council of Ministers no. 3274 of 20 March 2003 requires seismic vulnerability checks to be carried out on buildings of strategic interest. Among public buildings, hospitals play a strategic role in the event of disasters.
The hospital, one of the most exposed and sensitive sites because it is crowded with thousands of people with very different reactive capacities, must not only withstand the shock force of the earthquake, but also continue to offer sufficient levels of healthcare. This means that special attention must be paid not only to the load-bearing elements but also to the non-structural and plant elements.
The objective of the project within the Recovery Plan is to outline a path for structural improvement in the field of hospital safety. More specifically, the aim is to bring them into line with current seismic safety standards. To this end, the Ministry of Health has identified a total requirement of 675 interventions in 2020, distributed proportionally among the Regions.
The Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a key tool that unlocks the potential of data analysis in healthcare. The EHR allows patients to have access to all their health records and enables practitioners to increase the quality and timeliness of care decisions to be made. The EHR needs to be uniformly adopted across the country and its security improved, with the aim of making it informationally complete and usable for both citizens and professionals.
The monitoring carried out by the Agency for Digital Italy (AgID) shows a substantial gap between the activation and the actual use of the EHR by citizens. In fact, as far as citizens are concerned, in 10 out of 20 Regions the level of activation is below 50%, and slightly above 1% in 6 Regions, while the use of the EHR is above 50% in only 4 Regions. The situation regarding activation and use of the EHR by physicians is also critical, resulting in a level of activation similar to that of citizens (in 9 Regions there is a rate of <50%) and a satisfactory level of use for only 3 Regions.
The investment aims to strengthen the technological infrastructure of the Ministry of Health responsible for the collection, processing, validation and analysis of health data, as well as the implementation of new health information flows and the integration of existing flows. In addition to creating a national platform for managing health registers and health surveillance systems and developing a national platform for telemedicine solutions.
The EHR, if fully and properly managed and used, also supports the governance of regional and national health systems based on 'real world' clinical data. The use and deployment of EHR is therefore essential for the digital transformation of health.
Scientific progress and technological innovation require that health professionals are constantly updated and trained.
This part of the project aims to increase the number of scholarships for a specific course in general medicine, guaranteeing the completion of 3 three-year training cycles; to launch a training plan on safety in terms of hospital infections for all medical and non-medical managerial profiles of the NHS; to activate a training pathway for personnel with apex roles within the NHS bodies in order to make them acquire the necessary managerial skills and abilities to face current and future health challenges in an integrated, sustainable, innovative, flexible and result-oriented way.
Draft Recovery Plan "Mission 6 - Healthcare. M6C1 - Proximity networks, facilities and telemedicine for territorial healthcare assistance. M6C2 - Innovation, research and digitalisation of national healthcare service".
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